Palo Alto Networks Security Advisories / CVE-2021-3055

CVE-2021-3055 PAN-OS: XML External Entity (XXE) Reference Vulnerability in the PAN-OS Web Interface

047910
Severity 6.5 · MEDIUM
Attack Vector NETWORK
Attack Complexity LOW
Privileges Required HIGH
User Interaction NONE
Scope UNCHANGED
Confidentiality Impact HIGH
Integrity Impact NONE
Availability Impact HIGH

Description

An improper restriction of XML external entity (XXE) reference vulnerability in the Palo Alto Networks PAN-OS web interface enables an authenticated administrator to read any arbitrary file from the file system and send a specifically crafted request to the firewall that causes the service to crash. Repeated attempts to send this request result in denial of service to all PAN-OS services by restarting the device and putting it into maintenance mode.

This issue impacts:

PAN-OS 8.1 versions earlier than PAN-OS 8.1.20;

PAN-OS 9.0 versions earlier than PAN-OS 9.0.14;

PAN-OS 9.1 versions earlier than PAN-OS 9.1.10;

PAN-OS 10.0 versions earlier than PAN-OS 10.0.6.

This issue does not affect Prisma Access.

Product Status

VersionsAffectedUnaffected
PAN-OS 10.1None10.1.*
PAN-OS 10.0< 10.0.6>= 10.0.6
PAN-OS 9.1< 9.1.10>= 9.1.10
PAN-OS 9.0< 9.0.14>= 9.0.14
PAN-OS 8.1< 8.1.20>= 8.1.20

Severity: MEDIUM

CVSSv3.1 Base Score: 6.5 (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:H/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:H)

Exploitation Status

Palo Alto Networks is not aware of any malicious attempts to exploit this vulnerability.

Weakness Type

CWE-611 Improper Restriction of XML External Entity Reference ('XXE')

Solution

This issue is fixed in PAN-OS 8.1.20, PAN-OS 9.0.14, PAN-OS 9.1.10, PAN-OS 10.0.6, and all later PAN-OS versions.

Workarounds and Mitigations

Enable signatures for Unique Threat ID 91588 on traffic destined for the web interface to block attacks against CVE-2021-3055.

This issue requires the attacker to have authenticated access to the PAN-OS web interface. You can mitigate the impact of this issue by following best practices for securing the PAN-OS web interface. Please review the Best Practices for Securing Administrative Access in the PAN-OS technical documentation at https://docs.paloaltonetworks.com/best-practices.

Acknowledgments

This issue was found by a customer of Palo Alto Networks during a security review.

Timeline

Added threat prevention workaround for the vulnerability
Initial publication
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